Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems are mainly based in Europe on G5 technology. This extension of WiFi, without licence, enables the realization of Ad-Hoc local area networks.
Though multiple applications can be developed using G5 capabilities, this technology has been mainly developed to support critical road safety applications (collision avoidance) and the automatic driving.
The main stakeholders are the automotive industry, road authorities / operators, test and validation centres, services providers and research institutes acting in the domain of automotive and transport.
- Of the C-ITS Engineering,
- Of their deployment and assessment,
- Of new, valuable services development.
The automotive industry will integrate these systems to respond to road safety and environmental objectives stated by public authorities all over the world. This industry will also exploit these systems for the development of automatized driving. Moreover, vehicle manufacturers will improve their business model by proposing new services taking advantages of the particular features of G5.
The main objective of road authorities / operators is to improve their traffic management without developing new road infrastructure. Several approaches are possible, one of the more promishing is to globally optimize the mobility of people accross various transportation means leading to an efficient development of multimodal transport systems. Economy can also be achieved by replacing expensive road equipment by sophisticated electronic ones (replacing hardware by software).
Europe is facing a high diversity of the road network management responsibilities. In some member states this management responsibility is more or less centralized while in some others like France, it is largely decentralized. So, cities, regions, departments, states and private operators will play an essential role in the deployment of cooperative ITS.
Many other stakeholders will be involved during the whole life cycle of cooperative ITS. Research institutes, services providers, validation centres, equipment suppliers, telecom operators...etc will be more or less involved not only during the engineering phase of products and services but also during the system operation. Development of training, courses will be required to adjust competencies and develop the required experience related to these new systems.